January 17 2021
Myanmar Intellectual Property Department
This is our office website . This system provides the easy way for awareness of our department activities.Public can search and learn from this website for Intellectual Property in Myanmar.
Myanmar is the largest country in mainland South-East Asia with a total land area of 676,578 square kilometers. It stretches 2200 kilometers from north to south and 925 kilometers from east-west at its widest point. Lying between 0932’ N and 2831’N latitudes and 9210’ E and 10111’ E longitudes, it is bounded on the north and north-east by the People’s Republic of China, on the east and southeast by the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and the Kingdom of Thailand, on the west and south by the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, on the west by the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Republic of India.
Myanmar became a founder country of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on 16th, November, 1994. Myanmar joined to ASEAN on 23rd July, 1997 and also became a 176th member country of WIPO on 15th May, 2001. As a member of WTO, WIPO and ASEAN, we have to abide the obligation of TRIPs Agreement and ASEAN Framework Agreement on IP CO-operation.
In the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Judicial and Legal system on IPRs had timely developed at the early of 19th Century. The existing laws related to IP in Myanmar, which are Myanmar Patents and Designs Act of 1945 and Myanmar Patents and Designs (Emergency Provision) Act 1946 were promulgated but they are defunct and not active.
Concerning the Trademarks system, Myanmar do not have any Act like Trademarks Registration Act and no specific statutory law on trademarks and no statutory provision regarding registration of trademarks. However, the existing laws of Myanmar Merchandise Marks Act, Registration Act, Sea Custom and Land Custom Act and Penal Code (478) which is current use and relevant laws of Myanmar trademark system.
Regarding with Copyright Protection, the existing Myanmar Copyright Act was promulgated on 24th February, 1914 and it contains only 13 sections with Copyright Act 1911 act of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
These existing laws of Myanmar relating to Intellectual Property do not cope with the current economic trend and development in the field of Intellectual Property. As a member of the WTO and WIPO, Myanmar has an obligation to put in place the intellectual property laws with the minimum international standards protection. Apart from the TRIPs Agreement, Myanmar deeply considered the main objective of ASEAN Framework Agreement that the members must ensure the Intellectual Property Laws and practices in the ASEAN countries will not obstruct the free flow of literary and artistic works, goods and services throughout the ASEAN region but will promote and facilitate such an exchange.
Ministry of Education(Science and Technology )(MOE-ST) is a focal Ministry of WIPO since 2001 and responsible for the promotion of IP System in Myanmar. Ministry of Education(Science and Technology)and Attorney General Office (AGO) have worked together for drafting the IP Laws such as Patent, Industrial Design, Trademark and Copyright in accordance with TRIPs Agreement and with the major objective in order to facilitate access of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to international markets and promote free trade and foreign direct investment. At the present stage, the four IP laws(Industrial Design Law , Trademark Law, Patent Law and Copyright Law) have been promulgated in early 2019. Department of Intellectual Property is now processing to open the Intellectual Property Office.